ENT disorders

ear
Illustration of hearing, journey of the sound wave in the ear. The sound wave is captured by the auricle, penetrates in the auditory canal, vibrates the eardrum membrane, which in turn vibrates the ossicles, malleus, incus, stapes). The vibration of the stapes make the fenestra vestibuli membrane vibrate which causes hydraulic waves in the cochlea perilympha, blue), applying pressure on the endolymph inside the cochlea channel, moving the basilar membrane, pink), causing the hair cells to move against the tectorial membrane, producing a nerve impulse in the cochlea nerve fibers, yellow). This nerve impulse moves to the auditory nerve and carries the message to the auditory area of the brain, which analyses the data. (Photo by: BSIP/UIG via Getty Images)

 

Disorders of the Ear

  • hearing impairment
  • ear discharge
  • perforation of the ear drum

Endaural Tympanoplasty

Endaural tympanoplasty is done with a small incision as shown below. In this surgery a large painful cut is not required behind the ear. The hole in the ear drum is repaired and any hearing impairment due to absence, disease of the bones of the ear is corrected.

Advantages:

  • Can be done under local anaesthesia
  • post operative pain is less
  • scar is almost invisible

 

endaural tympanoplasty

Disorders of the nose

  • Running nose
  • Blocked nose
  • Sinusitis
  • Sneezing
  • Allergies

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Sinusitis

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Sinus surgery

  • It is done Endoscopically
  • No scar on the face
  • Diseases in the sinuses like polyps, pus, etc can be removed

Endoscopic sinus surgery

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